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Apr 26

The ABCs of suspension systems

When it comes to the performance of a car, most people think immediately about aspects such as horsepower, acceleration or torque. Of course, all these are extremely important for drivers, but there is one thing even more important: the suspension system. None of the above mentioned features would be efficient and safe if the driver could not control the car and keep it on the road. For this reason, over time, automobile manufacturers, experts and engineers have been struggling to improve the suspension system as soon as they have created the four-stroke internal combustion engine. The ensemble consists in springs, tires, shock absorbers and linkages that connect the car to its wheels, allowing relative motion and coordination between the two components. If you are interested in finding out more details about this topic, then read on to discover the basics of suspension systems.

Which is the role of suspensions and how do they work?

Suspensions represent a complex network consisting in many parts that need to work together in order to keep the car on the road and ensure a safe ride for the driver and passengers. Actually, the entire system has two main purposes. The first one is to contribute to braking and to the automobile’s adhesion to the road, while the second one is related to passengers’ comfort, since suspensions can absorb the shock preceding a sudden movement of the vehicle. This way, occupants are safe and comfortable during the ride, being isolated from vibrations, bumps and even noise. What is actually important when it comes to suspension system’s performance is that it keeps the wheels and the road surface in permanent contact. If the road would be flat and without any curve, then cars would not need this network of tires, shock absorbers and so on. But since there are many road forces affecting the motion of the vehicle, a performing suspension system is quite necessary if you want to enjoy a safe ride. This will provide stability of the care and full control for the driver, to avoid accidents and unpleasant moments.

 

Which is the difference between rear suspensions and front suspensions?

Normally, automobiles are provided with two types of suspensions: front and rear suspensions. Although these use the same system, they are slightly different in terms of design and functionality. Needless to say, any vehicle needs both categories in order to work properly and be safe. Front wheel drive cars have rear; the suspension system is made of several beam axles and independent pieces, and has almost no constraints. On the other hand, for rear wheel drive cars, the system is way more complex and has many constraints, to ensure the proper functionality of the automobile. Given its complexity, developing such a system is more complicated and also more expensive. However, it is necessary for controlling the car and keeping occupants safe. As you can see, no matter what kind of four wheel vehicle you own, you need to take good care of its suspension system.

 

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